{:en}Foster Care in Japan: growing inequality and importance of Education.{:}{:ja}児童養護施設:広がる格差と教育の重要性{:}


Foster Care in Japan: growing inequality and importance of Education.

Foster care in Japan?
Foster care, orphanages are a house for many children without parents, children who have faced violence, children who need assistance due to living situations. The main purpose is to help such children be able to grow up and become independent. Every children has a different background, where many arrive due to parental death, violence, divorcee, etc.

What are the backgrounds of the children that arrive?

Many of the children suffer from violence. In 2013, 37% of the children arrived due to violence inside the house. (H25 means Heisei 25, 2013, H15: 2003)


Graph one, background of children who are in child foster care.
表1 [平成29年度12月厚生労働省こども家庭局家庭福祉課「児童養護施設の年齢、在所期間、措置理由 ③児童の措置理由(養護問題発生理由)」]

In the past 10 years, the number of children who suffer violence has been increasing. In 2015, the number of children who suffered violence has tripled compared to 2005. (graph below).
Children who come to live in orphanages have experienced many sufferings therefore require much more than just economic support, but mental care and support.


Screen Shot 2018-09-07 at 01.48.42.png

Number of children entering child foster care in the past years. H18 (2006) to H28 (2016)

Due to the increasing number, it is important to think of better solutions: Adoption and smaller foster homes.

According to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Japan currently has the lowest percentage of children in foster care (adoption rate) among those who need protection.

Thus most of the foster care programs are institucional, rather than family-environments.
If adoption increases,  the children will be able to grow up in a family environment which helps them build up confidence, stability and allows them to have a model of the construction and elements of a family.

Resource:Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.
Infographic by Human Rights Watch.

Reducing the size of foster homes can also reduce the stress caused by living in groups, thus is a closer structure and model to a family.
Both models are recommended to improve the environment where the children grow up, but in reality, the university attendance rate is very low and many children suffer fitting in the society. Therefore it is important to have an environment that gives sufficient support while encourages independence through the education.

Written by Hitomi Hara, project manager of Educate For Japan.{:}{:ja}






施設にやってくる子どもたちの最も多い理由は、虐待となっています。平成25年度時点で全体の約37パーセントを占めています。(表1参照) 昭和58年から比較すると総数は減少しているものの、全体における虐待が占める割合は高くなっています。


表1 [平成29年度12月厚生労働省こども家庭局家庭福祉課「児童養護施設の年齢、在所期間、措置理由 ③児童の措置理由(養護問題発生理由)」]

件数別に詳しくみてみると、最近10年で顕著な上昇傾向にあることが分かります。平成28年度の虐待に関する相談件数は、10年前の18年度に比べて約3倍になっているのです。(図1参照) このような背景を持つ子供たちが施設に入所することを考えれば、当然心に傷を持つ児童が多くいることが予想され、経済的物理的支援だけでなく精神的なケアや支援も養護施設には必要とされているのです。



Screen Shot 2018-09-07 at 01.48.42.png




出典:厚生労働省 「社会的養護の現状について(平成26年3月)」