As the world’s third greatest economic giant and it’s rich culture, Japan is referred to as a great first world nation.

But the great first world nation and it’s rising Educational Inequality is something people need to look at.

To those who do not know: in Japan, compulsory education is only up till 9th grade, or [Third year in Middle School].

In Japan, the school system goes like this.

Primary School: First to Sixth.
Middle School: Seventh to Ninth
High School: Tenth to Twelve.

And as said, high school, is not compulsory.

According to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, currently 98% of the students continue on to High school.

With the 5,116 schools (Data:2010), 15 are state-owned, 3780 local state, and 1321 private schools.

Then comes university. Compared to the USA, Japanese University Tuition is not as crazy.
In Japan, they rate the “level” of the high school students using a number called 偏差値。Hensachi. It uses the bell curve, and the average is around 50. The Top 2% will range from 70-80 and the bottom 2%around 20-30. Image result for 偏差値

(Image by Casio Computer.Co)

There are threetypes of universities in Japan,

  1. Country Owned, which is owned by the Japanese Government.

    Tuition:817,800Yen (for day time students)/ $7362.76 

    408,900 Yen (for Night Students.)/$3681.38

(100Yen=$0.90)
These Country owned, called KokuRitsu 国立 are known to be the best schools, with students of high hensachi-points.
But also known as the “rich schools” since families with children who enroll in Kokuritsu universities, are the richest families.
The highest hensachi-point goes to Tokyo University, Faculty of Science, with 76 Points. 

2. Local State-owned, which is owned by the local government of every prefecture, city, town, etc.
Also tuitions differ depending on what you study, so those who study medicine pay a lot more.
Tuition: 638,000Yen to 1,038,000Yen. $5,744-$9345,25

The university tuition in local-state owned universities differ because the tuition depends on the state, the faculty, but is still lower than Private Universities.
The Hensachi-Points are not as high as the country-owned but are pretty high, with the highest having 70points. (Three local-state owned universities, both faculty of medicine are tied)

3. And Lastly, Private Universities. Which can really differ with some universities being top-level, to some with very low points.

The average tuition is 
1,315,666Yen ($11845.11)  but differs depending on each faculty. Engineers, science, math-related facuties, an average of 1,501,833 yen and History, Social Sciences, Art are around 1,155,318Yen. ($10,401.48)
Medicine? 8,147,227 yen. ($73,350.54)

Universities highly concentrate in Tokyo, the capital of Japan and so does these Hensachi Points.
The highest with 73 is University of Keio, Faculty of Medicine.

Like this, Japanese universities are divided into three categories, all with it’s pros and cons.