Access to Education in Peru.
Photo Créditos: Yuri Yupanqui
Today is World Children’s day to consider regulations for fundamental rights for children all over the world, and it is important to use this day to remember and raise awareness on the children that are not able to go to school because they have to work, or are living in vulnerable communities in our country, Peru.
76% of the victims of sexual assault happens to minors, according to the Criminal investigation and analysis done by the public ministry in 2013-2017.
To start, currently the population in poverty in Peru is increasing, and many children do not have access to basic education, health, well being, and they do not have the basic rights children are supposed to have, and can not grow up in sustainable and safe environments.
In Peru, there is a great cultural, linguistic, socio-economical and geographical diversity. It is difficult to see the precise problems of the situation of the children, and authorities do not prioritize quality education to the general public, including the infrastructure and how the curriculums are built. The biggest problem regarding the lack of education, is in fact poverty. In Peru, there are many people who do not have access to transportation, therefore children do not have the mobility to access schools. There are abandoned populations where there are no schools, and to this day some people think that girls should grow up knowing how to wash clothes, cook and support their husbands, and that boys are the only ones that go to school to become professionals to support their families and wives. The following statistics will explain a bit about the situation of the public sector:
2018: Monetary poverty in Peru has increased. Last year the poverty rate has raised to 21.7%, where Lima was one of the countries with the most increase. Secondly according to the national survey of households done by the INEI in 2017, the poverty rate increased by 1% compared to the year before. LAPADIA, September (2018)
Secondly looking at age groups, 32.8% (3million 387thousand) are 0-5%, referred to as primary childhood; 33.5%(3million 466thousand) are 6 to 11 years old, as the next group of children and 33.7%(3million 486thousand) are 12-17 years old, in adolescence.
Créditos: Jhesus Silva
More than 2milliion children and adolescents live in Lima. Lima has the highest number of children from 0-17 years old, in the national-level with 2million 937thousand children, secondly Piura with 655thousand, La Libeertad with 622thousand and Puno with 524 thousand.
82% of the children from 3-5 years start school in 2017 in urban areas but in rural areas, the population is 79.8%.
Regarding gender, in terms of education among 3-5 year olds, girls have a higher enrollment with 82% while boys with 81%.
91 out of every 100 kids between 6-11 years old assist primary education.
In year 2017, 91.4% of the children between 6-11 had assisted primary school in the national level, boys with attendance of 91/6% while girls at 91/2%. And in urban areas, 90.0% while in rural areas, only 92.6%. INEI, April (2018)